Aditi Dosi
4 min readJan 1, 2023

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Computer vision & image processing

By using machine learning techniques, the discipline of AI known as computer vision enables machines to see, comprehend, and interpret the visual environment around us. It uses machine learning approaches to extract useful information from digital photos, movies, or other observable inputs by identifying patterns.

Digital image processing uses a digital computer to process digital and optical images. A computer views an image as a two-dimensional signal composed of pixels arranged in rows and columns. A digital image comprises a finite number of elements, each located in a specific place with a particular value. These so-called elements are also known as pixels, visual, and image elements.

Computer Vision Vs Image processing

The following are some of the significant differences between Computer Vision and Image Processing:

Concept

Image processing, as its name suggests, focuses on processing images, so both the input and output are, in essence, visual representations of the processed data. It is a catch-all phrase for various processes that examine images and change one feature of an idea into another.

In contrast, computer vision aims to enable machines to recognize patterns and extrapolate meaningful information from digital photos, videos, and other visual inputs to improve our understanding of the visible world.

Meaning

The field of Artificial Intelligence, known as computer vision, aims to mimic the complexity of the human visual system while empowering computers to comprehend the digital world. It makes it possible for computers to perceive, analyze, and process images like humans do.

Contrarily, image processing entails altering images to draw out valuable information. Image processing is the art and science of information extraction from photographs.

Applications

Image enhancement, filtering, sharpening, and restoration are some of the earliest and most widely used image processing applications. Nowadays, most social networking apps and image and video editing programs include filters to improve images.

Medical applications, pattern recognition, video processing, remote sensing, machine vision, and other contemporary uses are examples. Defect detection, face identification, object detection, image categorization, movement analysis, object tracking, cell classification, and other real-world benefits of computer vision are just a few.

The Future Scope Of Computer Vision and Deep Learning

A completely new perspective on Machine Learning was provided by Deep learning. Deep Learning is thought to be capable of solving problems using examples because it relies on neural networks. This is due to the neural network’s inability to transform flagged examples of a specific type of data into a mathematical picture unless you toss them to it. In turn, this will support future data indexing.

Consider facial recognition as an example. A deep learning facial recognition program must first be trained using a variety of faces of people before it can be used. Numerous instances must be shown to it. In this manner, neural networks will recognize faces without further requirements for face dimensions and attributes.

Recognize that using Deep learning to implement computer vision is significantly more effective. Most computer vision applications, such as cancer cell identification, self-driving cars, and facial recognition, use Deep learning technology.

Due to cloud computing technology and resource improvements, deep learning may now be applied in real-world applications rather than theoretical ones. They do, however, have some restrictions. For instance, they fall short in providing transparency and intelligence.

You must gather a sizable amount of labeled data for a deep learning algorithm’s training and account for variables like training epochs, variety, and several neural network layers. Deep learning is frequently simpler, easier, and more immediately deployable.

Computer vision has a lot to offer for every industry, whether improved aerial mosaicing in the defense industry, vision-based flaw identification in production lines, or road-sign and signal detection in road transportation. Adopting the technology will improve business operations, increase automation, bolster security, and efficiently handle the traffic.

Conclusion

Computer vision is a subset of image processing. A computer vision system attempts to simulate vision at the human scale using image processing methods. As vision technology develops, the day will not be far off when the vision industry will assume the lead role as a provider of solutions for issues encountered in the real world.

Image processing might be used, for instance, if the aim is to improve the image for usage in the future. And it qualifies as computer vision if the objective is to recognize things for automatic driving.

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