MEAN Web Development

Aditi Dosi
3 min readSep 2, 2022
Develop your real-time MEAN application efficiently using a combination of MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node

What is MEAN in web development?

Mean Stack refers to a collection of JavaScript technologies used to develop web applications. Therefore, from the client to the server and from server to database, everything is based on JavaScript. MEAN is a full-stack development toolkit used to develop a fast and robust web applications.

MEAN is a user-friendly stack which is the ideal solution for building dynamic websites and applications. This free and open-source stack offers a quick and organized method for creating rapid prototypes for web-based applications.

MEAN is comprised of four different technologies:

  • MongoDB express is a schemaless NoSQL database system
  • Express JS is a framework used to build web applications in Node
  • AngularJS is a JavaScript framework developed by Google
  • Node.js is a server-side JavaScript execution environment

What is MongoDB?

MongoDB is an open-source, cross-platform database which is written in C++. It stores data in the key-value pair, using binary data type like JSON. It is a document-oriented NoSQL Database. A document in MongoDB resembles an Object in OOPS

Mongo DB is an ideal choice for a database system where you need to manage large sized tables with millions of data. Moreover, including a field to Mongo DB is easier as it does not require updating the entire table. With Mongo DB you develop an entire application with just one application, i.e. JavaScript.

What is Express.JS?

Express is a mature, flexible, lightweight server framework. It is designed for building single, multi-page, and hybrid web applications. This lightweight framework uses the Pug engine to provide support for templates.

Express is the de-facto framework for Nodejs and is draws heavy inspiration from Sinatra, the popular Ruby framework.

What is Angular JS?

Angular JS is an open-source JavaScript framework. Angular is maintained by Google. The goal of this framework is to introduce MVC(Model View Controller) architecture in the browser-based application that makes the development and testing process easier. The framework helps you create a smarter web app that supports personalization.

AngularJS allows us to use HTML as a template language. Therefore, you can extend HTML’s syntax to express the components of your application. Angular features like dependency injection and data binding eliminate plenty of code that you need to write.

What is Node JS?

Node.js allows developers to create web servers and build web applications on it. It’s a server-side Javascript execution environment.

Node.js uses a non-blocking and event-driven I/O model. This makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.

It allows developers to create data-intensive real-time apps that run across distributed devices. You can run Node.js runtime on Microsoft Windows, OS X, and Linux.

Mean Stack Architecture

The primary function of various components of Mean Stack Architecture are as follows:

Angular JS: Accept requests and display results to end user

NodeJS: Handle Client and Server Requests

Express JS: Make requests to Database and return a response

MongoDB: Store and retrieve data.

Mean Stack Architecture Diagram
  1. Firstly, the client makes a request which is processed by the AngularJS
  2. After that, the request moves to NodeJS which will parse the request.
  3. ExpressJs will make calls to MongoDB to get or set data.
  4. MongoDB will retrieve the requested data and return that request to the Express JS
  5. NodeJS will return the request to the client.
  6. At the client side, AngularJS to display the result fetched from MongoDB.